Civil litigation timeline

The package of reforms recommended by Lord Justice Jackson in 2009 represented wholesale change to the civil litigation landscape. Our timeline illustrates what has happened since and what we expect to unfold going forward.

  • Nov 2021

    Online civil money claims pilot extended from 30 November 2020 to enable further IT testing

  • Summer 2021

    Interim report on the court modernisation programme expected

  • Apr 2021

    Government response to extending the scope of fixed recoverable costs in civil claims expected

  • Apr 2021

    Implementation of whiplash reforms expected –small claims limit increase and new ‘Whiplash Portal’

  • 13 Jan 2021

    End of cost capping pilot in Business and Property Court for cases valued £100,000 to £250,000

  • Jan 2021

    End of disclosure pilot in Business and Property Court

  • 2 Mar 2020

    End of the flexible courts hours pilot

  • Oct 2019

    Commencement of large scale user testing of the new ‘Whiplash Portal’

  • 1 Oct 2019

    Discount rate in Scotland will continue at minus 0.75%

  • 2 Sep 2019

    Commencement of the flexible courts hours pilot

  • 5 Aug 2019

    New discount rate of minus 0.25% in force in England and Wales

  • 6 Jun 2019

    Consultation on extending the scope of fixed recoverable costs ends

  • Apr 2019

    Claims management companies enter FCA regulation

  • 28 Mar 2019

    Consultation launched on extending fixed recoverable costs - horizontally and vertically to claims valued up to £100,000

  • 19 Mar 2019

    Commencement of the first review of the personal injury discount rate

  • 7 Feb 2019

    Post-implementation review of Part 2 of LASPO completed

  • 14 Jan 2019

    Capped costs pilot begins in the Business and Property Courts for cases valued between £100,000 and £250,000

  • 20 Dec 2018

    Civil Liability Act 2018 receives Royal Assent

  • 30 Nov 2018

    Commencement of virtual online hearing pilot for default judgments

  • 28 Jun 2018

    Post-implementation review of Part 2 LASPO commenced

  • 5 Jun 2018

    Civil Litigation (Expenses and Group Proceedings) (Scotland) Act 2018 receives Royal Assent

  • 12 Sep 2017

    Commencement of county court online pilot for money claims up to £25,000

  • 31 Jul 2017

    Commencement of online county court pilot for money claims up to £10,000

  • 31 Jul 2017

    Publication of Jackson’s Supplemental Report on Fixed Recoverable Costs

  • 27 Jul 2016

    Publication of the Briggs Report: Civil Courts Structure Review

  • 31 Jul 2013

    Horizontal and vertical extension of the Claims Portal to include RTA claims and EL and PL claims between £1,000 and £25,000

  • 1 May 2012

    Legal Aid, Sentencing and Punishment of Offenders Act (LASPO) 2012 receives Royal Assent

  • Apr 2010

    Claims Portal for RTA motor personal injury claims valued between £1,000 and £10,000 introduced

  • 14 Jan 2010

    Publication of Lord Jackson’s Review of Civil Litigation Costs: Final Report